History of piped water supply system development in Nepal dates back to 1895 A.D., when the first Bir Dhara system (1891-1893) was commissioned. The system also led to establishment of Pani Goshowara Adda and it provided limited private and community standpipes in few selected parts of Kathmandu. The water service were then gradually extended to few other prominent places like Amalekhgunj, Birgunj, Palpa and Jajarkot . The sector received a fair priority in the First Five Year Development Plan, which started in 1956, but the sector activities were placed under the Department of Irrigation for a long while until the Department of Water Supply and Sewerage (DWSS) was formally established in 1972. Since it's establishment the department has been providing lead inputs in the development of water supply and sanitation programs throughout the country. Initially DWSS was limited to constructing comparatively larger water supply systems in the district headquarters and urban centers but it gradually expanded to have a nationwide network to serve all kinds of settlements - urban, semi-urban and rural areas. Today DWSS is providing a nationwide service through i अरु पढनुहोस
DWSS is acting as the lead government department to achieve this target with the following broad objectives:
1. provide and ensure safe, convenient and adequate water supply to all Nepalese, with sanitation as an integral component, and with specific focus on disadvantaged groups;
2. reduce the incidence of water-related dieses prevalent in the country; and
3. reduce suffering and drudgery of women and children, traditionally responsible for collecting water and domestic sanitation and hygiene.
(Source: Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector policy, 2004)
DWSS is currently implementing various programs both in the urban and the rural areas to achieve these objectives, the national target of universal access to water and sanitation services by 2017 and the MDG (Millennium Development Goal) targets which aim to halve the population (in 1990) without access to water and sanitation by 2015. The MDG targets for water supply and sanitation in Nepal stand at 73% for basic water supply and 53% for sanitation.
DWSS programs are now being implemented to provide basic water supply and sanitation access, improve अरु पढनुहोस
खानेपानी गुणस्तर सुधार एवम् अनुगमन
This section is dealing with improvement of water quality all over the country in line with the government's policy of continiously upgrading the level of service. The drinking water supply service has been categorized into three levels - high, medium and basic, on the basis of parameters such as quality, quantity, accessibility and reliability of the systems. The section also has the ma